Spatial variation of cone tip resistance for the clay site at Texas A and M University

Pinnaduwa H.S.W. Kulatilake, Jeong Gi Um

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The cone tip resistance data available for the clay site at Texas A and M University, USA (one of the National Geotechnical Experimentation Sites) are used to show how the spatial variation of a soil property can be quantified. It is suggested that the first step in quantifying the spatial variation of a soil property should be the identification or selection of the statistically homogeneous soil layers. A new simple procedure is suggested to identify statistically homogeneous layers in a soil profile. Through examples it is shown that the procedure works extremely well in identifying the statistically homogeneous layers. For the chosen statistically homogeneous layers, the spatial variation of cone tip resistance with depth is quantified in terms of a constant mean or a mean trend, variance/standard deviation/coefficient of variation or a variance around the mean trend, and a correlation or variogram function. Correlation distances in the depth direction were found to be between 0.1 and 0.5 m for the two soil layers investigated. It was shown that the correlation distance decreases in the presence of a global mean trend for the soil property. In such cases, it is important to note that a part of the correlation is automatically included in the mean trend function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-165
Number of pages17
JournalGeotechnical and Geological Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2003


  • Cone tip resistance
  • Correlation coefficient
  • National Geotechnical Experimentation Sites
  • Spatial variation
  • Statistical homogeneity
  • Variogram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science
  • Geology


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