Spatial response to major volcanic events in or about AD 536, 934 and 1258: Frost rings and other dendrochronological evidence from Mongolia and northern Siberia: Comment on R. B. Stothers, 'volcanic dry fogs, climate cooling, and plague pandemics in Europe and the Middle East' (climatic change, 42, 1999)

Rosanne D'arrigo, David Frank, Gordon Jacoby, Neil Pederson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypothesized large-scale climatic extremes require verification from distant regions in order to confirm the magnitude and timing of such events. Three of the most massive hypothesized volcanic events of the past two millennia, occurring in or about AD 536, 934 and 1258, had profound climatic and demographic repercussions over much of Europe, the Middle East, and other areas, according to historical accounts recently described in Stothers (1998, 1999, 2000) as well as other research. Here we report on frost ring and other dendrochronological evidence derived from a 1738-year tree-ring chronology from Mongolia and millennial-scale tree-ring data from northern Siberia which demonstrate that these three events may have also impacted conditions in these distant regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-246
Number of pages8
JournalClimatic Change
Volume49
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Atmospheric Science

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