Spatial patterns of tree-growth anomalies in the United States and southeastern Canada

D. Meko, E. R. Cook, D. W. Stahle, C. W. Stockton, M. K. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


A network of 248 tree-ring chronologies in the conterminous United States is assembled and analyzed by rotated principal components analysis (RPCA) to delineate "regions' of common tree-growth variation during the period 1705-1979. Principal component drought information is evaluated by comparing PC scores and primary pattern coefficients with Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) data from instrumental records. High PC pattern coefficients group geographically into regions coinciding roughly with nine drought regions delineated by RPCA of PDSI by other researchers. The drought signal as measured by the correlation between tree-ring PC scores and July PDSI, 1929-79, is strongest in the South and the interior West (r>0.7), and weakest in the Northeast and Pacific Northwest (r<0.16). A count of years with large negative PC scores in multiple regions marks the 1950s as the extreme in widespread drought across the southern United States to 1705. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1773-1786
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Climate
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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