Spatial and temporal clustering of chikungunya virus transmission in dominica

Elaine O. Nsoesie, R. Paul Ricketts, Heidi E. Brown, Durland Fish, David P. Durham, Martial L. Ndeffo Mbah, Trudy Christian, Shalauddin Ahmed, Clement Marcellin, Ellen Shelly, Katharine Owers, Natasha Wenzel, Alison P. Galvani, John S. Brownstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Using geo-referenced case data, we present spatial and spatio-temporal cluster analyses of the early spread of the 2013–2015 chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in Dominica, an island in the Caribbean. Spatial coordinates of the locations of the first 417 reported cases observed between December 15th, 2013 and March 11th, 2014, were captured using the Global Positioning System (GPS). We observed a preponderance of female cases, which has been reported for CHIKV outbreaks in other regions. We also noted statistically significant spatial and spatio-temporal clusters in highly populated areas and observed major clusters prior to implementation of intensive vector control programs suggesting early vector control measures, and education had an impact on the spread of the CHIKV epidemic in Dominica. A dynamical identification of clusters can lead to local assessment of risk and provide opportunities for targeted control efforts for nations experiencing CHIKV outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA040
JournalPLoS neglected tropical diseases
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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