Sparsity constrained regularization for multiframe image restoration

Premchandra M. Shankar, Mark A. Neifeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In this paper we present a new algorithm for restoring an object from multiple undersampled low-resolution (LR) images that are degraded by optical blur and additive white Gaussian noise. We formulate the multiframe superresolution problem as maximum a posteriori estimation. The prior knowledge that the object is sparse in some domain is incorporated in two ways: first we use the popular l1 norm as the regularization operator. Second, we model wavelet coefficients of natural objects using generalized Gaussian densities. The model parameters are learned from a set of training objects, and the regularization operator is derived from these parameters. We compare the results from our algorithms with an expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm for l1 norm minimization and also with the linear minimum-mean-squared error (LMMSE) estimator. Using only eight 4 × 4 pixel downsampled LR images the reconstruction errors of object estimates obtained from our algorithm are 5.5% smaller than by the EM method and 14.3% smaller than by the LMMSE method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1199-1214
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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