Social Support Networks for LGBT Young Adults: Low Cost Strategies for Positive Adjustment

Shannon D. Snapp, Ryan J. Watson, Stephen T. Russell, Rafael M. Diaz, Caitlin Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

141 Scopus citations


Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth and young adults are known to have compromised physical and mental health, and family rejection has been found to be an important risk factor. Yet few studies have examined the positive role that support from parents, friends, and the community have for LGBT young adults. In a cross-sectional study of 245 LGBT non-Latino White and Latino young adults (ages 21-25) in the United States, sexuality-related social support was examined in association with measures of adjustment in young adulthood. Family, friend, and community support were strong predictors of positive outcomes, including life situation, self-esteem, and LGBT esteem. However, family acceptance had the strongest overall influence when other forms of support were considered. Implications for the unique and concurrent forms of social support for LGBT youth and young adult adjustment are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-430
Number of pages11
JournalFamily Relations
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015


  • Family acceptance, gender identity, homosexuality, LGBT adolescent, protective factors, sexual orientation, social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Social Support Networks for LGBT Young Adults: Low Cost Strategies for Positive Adjustment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this