Social Determinants of Health and Rates of Implantation for Patients Considering Destination Therapy Left Ventricular Assist Device

Kelsey Flint, Erin L. Chaussee, Kamal Henderson, Khadijah Breathett, Prateeti Khazanie, Jocelyn S. Thompson, Colleen K. Mcilvennan, Shane J. Larue, Daniel D. Matlock, Larry A. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a treatment option available to select patients with advanced heart failure. However, there are important social determinants of health that can play a role in determining patients’ outcomes after device placement. Methods and Results: We leveraged the DECIDE-LVAD Trial to assess social determinants of health—relationship status, household income, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, and health insurance—at the time of evaluation, and their association with rate of LVAD placement in the subsequent year. About a quarter of patients were unpartnered (i.e., single/divorced/widowed/separated; n = 55 [26%]). A similar proportion had a household income of less than $20,000 per year (n = 50 [24%]). Few patients were other race (n = 39 [18%]), had less than a high school education (n = 14 [6.6%]), or had Medicaid as their primary payor (n = 17 [8.4%]). LVAD implantation was significantly lower among patients who were unpartnered compared with patients who were married or partnered. LVAD implantation was not associated with income, race, educational attainment or insurance status. Conclusions: Our data from diverse LVAD centers at U.S. private and academic hospitals found that, among a broad sample of patients being evaluated for LVAD, married or partnered status was favorably associated with LVAD implantation, but other social determinants of health were not. Future research and policy changes should consider novel interventions for improving access to LVAD implantation for patients with inadequate social support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-500
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of cardiac failure
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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