Social determinants of eyeblinks in adult male macaques

Sébastien Ballesta, Clayton P. Mosher, Jeno Szep, Kate D. Fischl, Katalin M. Gothard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Videos with rich social and emotional content elicit natural social behaviors in primates. Indeed, while watching videos of conspecifics, monkeys engage in eye contact, gaze follow, and reciprocate facial expressions. We hypothesized that the frequency and timing of eyeblinks also depends on the social signals contained in videos. We monitored the eyeblinks of four male adult macaques while they watched videos of conspecifics displaying facial expressions with direct or averted gaze. The instantaneous blink rate of all four animals decreased during videos. The temporal synchrony of blinking, however, increased in response to segments depicting appeasing or aggressive facial expressions directed at the viewer. Two of the four monkeys, who systematically reciprocated the direct gaze of the stimulus monkeys, also showed eyeblink entrainment, a temporal coordination of blinking between social partners engaged in dyadic interactions. Together, our results suggest that in macaques, as in humans, blinking depends not only on the physiological imperative to protect the eyes and spread a film of tears over the cornea, but also on several socio-emotional factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number38686
JournalScientific reports
StatePublished - Dec 6 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Social determinants of eyeblinks in adult male macaques'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this