Advocates of transit suggest that there are several important social benefits of transit system - savings in pollution, congestion, and general social costs. Estimates of such savings have been limited to general comparisons with the personal occupancy vehicle (POV) mode usually on a vehicle-miles-traveled basis. Those savings are simulated in the context of the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA). It is estimated that between 1980 and 1994, MARTA generated about $2.2 billion in total social cost savings by diverting POV riders to transit. Compared with the POV alternative, MARTA generates an average of about $107 million annually in savings to society even after considering society's subsidies to transit. Shortcomings of the analysis and policy implications are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Transportation Research Record|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering