Smooth invariants of focus-focus singularities

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2 Scopus citations


We consider focus-focus singularities of integrable Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom. It is known that if two singularities of this kind have the same number of singular points, then they are fiber-wise homeomorphic. However, it may happen that this homeomorphism cannot be made smooth. An invariant is constructed, which makes it possible to classify focus-focus singularities up to a C 1-diffeomorphism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-180
Number of pages3
JournalMoscow University Mathematics Bulletin
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)


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