SMARTBIKE: Policy making and decision support for bike share systems

Sudha Ram, Fan Dong, Faize Currim, Yun Wang, Ezequiel Dantas, Luiz Alberto Sabóia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations


Bike share systems have been implemented in many cities to provide an alternative low-cost environmentally friendly and healthy public transportation. Citizens can pick up and drop off bikes among stations around the city. The system may be used for both work-related and leisure purposes including supporting last-mile transportation and tourism. In order to sustain and attract more users into the bike system, understanding demand and trip patterns is a key objective. Further, due to the asymmetric and dynamic nature of user demands, some stations tend to run out of bikes whereas other stations tend to be full (impeding returns). Rebalancing stations to provide high quality services to fit pick up and drop off demand is a major challenge in bike share systems. In this paper, we present a three-layer SMARTBIKE system to assist city administrators in Fortaleza, Brazil with bike share system decision making. This is an international cooperative effort between academia and government to aid in building a Smart City. The first layer of the proposed tool includes ¿-means clustering technology to understand the true demand of the city bike share system. We designed a novel station network analysis in the second layer to provide insights on system usage patterns and to help with the rebalancing strategy. The third layer provides rebalancing support at the facility and operation level. Finally, we discuss a dynamic visualization tool to support decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE 2nd International Smart Cities Conference
Subtitle of host publicationImproving the Citizens Quality of Life, ISC2 2016 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781509018451
StatePublished - Sep 30 2016
Event2nd IEEE International Smart Cities Conference, ISC2 2016 - Trento, Italy
Duration: Sep 12 2016Sep 15 2016

Publication series

NameIEEE 2nd International Smart Cities Conference: Improving the Citizens Quality of Life, ISC2 2016 - Proceedings


Other2nd IEEE International Smart Cities Conference, ISC2 2016


  • Bike share system
  • Network analysis
  • Urban public transportation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urban Studies
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications


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