Sleep in infancy and early childhood

Katherine Esterline, Rebecca L. Gómez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Sleep and sleep-wake patterns change substantially across infancy and early childhood, including changes in sleep duration, development of neurophysiological characteristics of sleep, and maturation of sleep-wake regulation processes. Children begin to transition out of daytime napping between 3-5 years, with various factors influencing the timing of this transition. Media use in early childhood has been linked to poor sleep outcomes, and, given the importance of sleep, sleep problems in young children warrant attention and mitigation. Several general recommendations for sleep in infancy and early childhood are offered to ensure that caretakers and medical professionals have adequate knowledge to encourage healthy sleep habits and to address sleep problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Curated Reference Collection in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology
PublisherElsevier Science Ltd.
ISBN (Electronic)9780128093245
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Actigraphy
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Memory consolidation
  • Nap
  • Non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM)
  • Polysomnography (PSG)
  • Rapid eye movement sleep (REM)
  • Sleep architecture
  • Sleep homeostasis
  • Sleep hygiene
  • Slow wave sleep (SWS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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