Sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular health

Rohit Budhiraja, Stuart F. Quan

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    32 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Purpose of review: Sleep-disordered breathing is a widely prevalent condition and may have serious medical, social, and economic consequences. This review evaluates the role of sleep-disordered breathing in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality on the basis of recent literature. Recent findings: Epidemiologic studies, retrospective reviews, and prospective clinical trials suggest a strong association between sleep-disordered breathing and adverse cardiovascular events. Individuals with sleep-disordered breathing have a higher prevalence of hypertension, which attenuates with treatment. Furthermore, the presence of sleep-disordered breathing augurs an increased risk of coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias, and heart failure. Summary: Recent research provides an emerging evidence of the role of sleep-disordered breathing as a risk factor for diverse cardiovascular disorders.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)501-506
    Number of pages6
    JournalCurrent opinion in pulmonary medicine
    Volume11
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 2005

    Keywords

    • Arrhythmia
    • Coronary artery disease
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Heart failure
    • Hypertension
    • Metabolic syndrome
    • Obstructive sleep apnea
    • Sleep-disordered breathing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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