The crumpling of a thin sheet can be understood as the condensation of elastic energy into a network of ridges that meet in vertices. Elastic energy condensation should occur in response to compressive strain in elastic objects of any dimension greater than 1. We study elastic energy condensation numerically in two-dimensional elastic sheets embedded in spatial dimensions three or four and three-dimensional elastic sheets embedded in spatial dimensions four and higher. We represent a sheet as a lattice of nodes with an appropriate energy functional to impart stretching and bending rigidity. Minimum energy configurations are found for several different sets of boundary conditions. We observe two distinct behaviors of local energy density falloff away from singular points, which we identify as cone scaling or ridge scaling. Using this analysis, we demonstrate that there are marked differences in the forms of energy condensation depending on the embedding dimension.
|Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
|Published - 2002
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics