Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors

Yu Ming He, Genevieve Clark, John R. Schaibley, Yu He, Ming Cheng Chen, Yu Jia Wei, Xing Ding, Qiang Zhang, Wang Yao, Xiaodong Xu, Chao Yang Lu, Jian Wei Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

555 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single quantum emitters (SQEs) are at the heart of quantum optics and photonic quantum-information technologies. To date, all the demonstrated solid-state single-photon sources are confined to one-dimensional (1D; ref. 3) or 3D materials. Here, we report a new class of SQEs based on excitons that are spatially localized by defects in 2D tungsten-diselenide (WSe2) monolayers. The optical emission from these SQEs shows narrow linewidths of ∼130μeV, about two orders of magnitude smaller than those of delocalized valley excitons. Second-order correlation measurements revealed a strong photon antibunching, which unambiguously established the single-photon nature of the emission. The SQE emission shows two non-degenerate transitions, which are cross-linearly polarized. We assign this fine structure to two excitonic eigenmodes whose degeneracy is lifted by a large ∼0.71meV coupling, probably because of the electron-hole exchange interaction in the presence of anisotropy. Magneto-optical measurements also reveal an exciton g factor of ∼8.7, several times larger than those of delocalized valley excitons. In addition to their fundamental importance, establishing new SQEs in 2D quantum materials could give rise to practical advantages in quantum-information processing, such as an efficient photon extraction and a high integratability and scalability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-502
Number of pages6
JournalNature Nanotechnology
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 6 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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