Simultaneous M-mode echoesophagram and manometry in the sheep esophagus

Darik K. Taniguchi, Roy W. Martin, Eugene A. Trowers, Fred E. Silverstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


We report the simultaneous measurement of esophageal wall layer thickness and intraluminal pressure in the sheep esophagus using a miniature suction device incorporating a high-frequency ultrasound transducer and a manometry system. Transnasal placement of the device into the distal esophagus of a conscious sheep allowed observation of 133 swallowing events during three trials, each lasting from 45 to 60 minutes. In a fourth trial, 11 sequential dry and 23 sequential wet swallows were compared. Maximum manometric pressure, esophageal wall layer thickness, and duration of contraction were measured. All swallowing events produced simultaneous increases in intraluminal pressure and esophageal wall thickness. Mean maximal pressures were lower for dry swallows (18 ± 2.1 mm Hg) than wet swallows (22 ± 3.0 mm Hg) (p < .01). Thickness of the inner (circular) muscle layer increased above baseline by 124% for dry swallows and 161% for wet swallows (p < .01). We conclude that thickening of the esophageal inner (circular) muscle layer may be important in the generation of intraluminal esophageal pressure in the sheep esophagus. (Gastrointest Endosc 1995;41:582-6.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-586
Number of pages5
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology


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