Simulation of High-contrast Polarimetric Observations of Debris Disks with the Roman Coronagraph Instrument

Ramya M. Anche, Ewan Douglas, Kian Milani, Jaren Ashcraft, Maxwell A. Millar-Blanchaer, John H. Debes, Julien Milli, Justin Hom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope Coronagraph Instrument will enable the polarimetric imaging of debris disks and inner dust belts in the optical and near-infrared wavelengths, in addition to the high-contrast polarimetric imaging and spectroscopy of exoplanets. The Coronagraph uses two Wollaston prisms to produce four orthogonally polarized images and is expected to measure the polarization fraction with measurement errors <3% per spatial resolution element. To simulate the polarization observations through the Hybrid Lyot Coronagraph (HLC) and Shaped Pupil Coronagraph (SPC), we model disk scattering, the coronagraphic point-response function, detector noise, speckles, jitter, and instrumental polarization and calculate the Stokes parameters. To illustrate the potential for discovery and a better understanding of known systems with both the HLC and SPC modes, we model the debris disks around Epsilon Eridani and HR 4796A, respectively. For Epsilon Eridani, using astrosilicates with 0.37 ± 0.01 as the peak input polarization fraction in one resolution element, we recover the peak disk polarization fraction of 0.33 ± 0.01. Similarly, for HR 4796A, for a peak input polarization fraction of 0.92 ± 0.01, we obtain the peak output polarization fraction as 0.80 ± 0.03. The Coronagraph design meets the required precision, and forward modeling is needed to accurately estimate the polarization fraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125001
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Volume135
Issue number1054
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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