Simplified culture techniques for growth and differentiation of murine and human pre-adipocytes for translational applications

M. L. Herrera-Herrera, R. Zapata-Bustos, L. A. Salazar-Olivo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: Adipose tissue has become a promising source of adult stem cells. Looking for optimal culture conditions, we evaluated the ability of L15, a free-gas exchange culture medium, to support cell proliferation and adipogenesis of murine 3T3-F442A and human normal (HNPA) and lipoma-derived (HLPA) pre-adipocytes. Methods: 3T3-F442A, HNPA and HLPA cell proliferation were compared in short-term cultures and along multiple passages in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (DMEM) or DMEM-F12 under a 5% CO2 atmosphere or L15 medium under a free-gas exchange atmosphere. Adipogenesis in these cells was evaluated by quantifying lipid accumulation and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity, and by assaying the expression of adipogenic markers by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: 3T3 pre-adipocytes grew at similar rates in serum-supplemented L15 or DMEM, but L15 induced higher colony-forming efficiency in these cells. HNPA and HLPA grew more actively in L15 than in DMEM-F12 for more than 10 successive passages and reached higher colony-forming efficiency in L15 medium. On the other hand, while high-glucose DMEM and L15 supplemented with glucose 1 g/L induced similar levels of 3T3 adipogenesis, L15 with no added glucose increased HNPA and HLPA adipogenesis with respect to DMEM-F12, as measured by lipid accumulation, GPDH activity and expression of adipogenic markers C/EBPα, GLUT-4, LPL and aP2. Discussion: The free-gas exchange medium L15 supports cell proliferation and adipogenesis of murine 3T3 and normal and lipoma-derived human subcutaneous pre-adipocytes to a greater extent than DMEM or DMEM-F12. The routine use of L15 will optimize translational applications of adipose cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • 3T3 pre-adipocytes
  • Adipogenesis
  • Cell proliferation
  • Human subcutaneous pre-adipocytes
  • L15 medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Transplantation


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