Siliceous Hot Spring Deposits: Why They Remain Key Astrobiological Targets

Sherry L. Cady, John R. Skok, Virginia G. Gulick, Jeff A. Berger, Nancy W. Hinman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

For nearly 40 years, hydrothermal deposits have been recognized as potential paleobiological repositories for astrobiological exploration of Mars. Here, we summarize the motivation for this astrobiological search strategy as it pertains to our current understanding of silica-depositing hot spring ecosystems and terrestrial siliceous hot spring deposits. We also discuss the rover and orbital observations of recently discovered hydrothermal opaline silica deposits on Mars-interpreted as evidence of hot spring activity. The opaline silica digitate sinters near Columbia Hills represent the strongest evidence to date for potential fossilized biosignatures on Mars. The high habitability and preservation potentials of hot spring deposits on Earth, along with their ability to reveal insight into the metabolic evolution of life, strengthen the rationale for targeting siliceous hot spring deposits as high-priority astrobiology sites for future Mars missions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFrom Habitability to Life on Mars
PublisherElsevier
Pages179-210
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9780128099353
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Columbia Hills
  • Hot springs
  • Hydrothermal
  • Nili Patera
  • Opal
  • Silica
  • Siliceous sinter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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