Shrinking the braneworld: Black hole in a globular cluster

Oleg Y. Gnedin, Thomas J. MacCarone, Dimitrios Psaltis, Stephen E. Zepf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Large extra dimensions have been proposed as a possible solution to the hierarchy problem in physics. In one of the suggested models, the RS2 braneworld model, black holes may evaporate by Hawking radiation faster than in general relativity, on a timescale that depends on the black hole mass and on the asymptotic radius of curvature of the extra dimensions. Thus the size of the extra dimensions can be constrained by astrophysical observations. Here we point out that the black hole, recently discovered in an extragalactic globular cluster, places the strongest upper limit on the size of the extra dimensions in the RS2 model, L ≲ 0.003mm. This black hole has the virtues of old age and relatively small mass. The derived upper limit is within an order of magnitude of the absolute limit afforded by astrophysical observations of black holes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L168-L171
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 PART 2
StatePublished - 2009


  • Black hole physics
  • Early universe
  • Galaxies: star clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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