Shoulder dystocia: Prediction and management

Meghan G. Hill, Wayne R. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Shoulder dystocia is a complication of vaginal delivery and the primary factor associated with brachial plexus injury. In this review, we discuss the risk factors for shoulder dystocia and propose a framework for the prediction and prevention of the complication. A recommended approach to management when shoulder dystocia occurs is outlined, with review of the maneuvers used to relieve the obstruction with minimal risk of fetal and maternal injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-261
Number of pages11
JournalWomen's Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Birth trauma
  • Erb palsy
  • brachial plexus injury
  • diabetes
  • macrosomia
  • shoulder dystocia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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