SHARK (System for coronagraphy with High order Adaptive optics from R to K band): A proposal for the LBT 2nd generation instrumentation

Jacopo Farinato, Fernando Pedichini, Enrico Pinna, Francesca Baciotti, Carlo Baffa, Andrea Baruffolo, Maria Bergomi, Pietro Bruno, Enrico Cappellaro, Luca Carbonaro, Alexis Carlotti, Mauro Centrone, Laird Close, Johanan Codona, Silvano Desidera, Marco Dima, Simone Esposito, Daniela Fantinel, Giancarlo Farisato, Adriano FontanaWolfgang Gaessler, Emanuele Giallongo, Raffaele Gratton, Davide Greggio, Juan Carlos Guerra, Olivier Guyon, Philip Hinz, Francesco Leone, Franco Lisi, Demetrio Magrin, Luca Marafatto, Matteo Munari, Isabella Pagano, Alfio Puglisi, Roberto Ragazzoni, Bernardo Salasnich, Eleonora Sani, Salvo Scuderi, Marco Stangalini, Vincenzo Testa, Christophe Verinaud, Valentina Viotto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

20 Scopus citations


This article presents a proposal aimed at investigating the technical feasibility and the scientific capabilities of high contrast cameras to be implemented at LBT. Such an instrument will fully exploit the unique LBT capabilities in Adaptive Optics (AO) as demonstrated by the First Light Adaptive Optics (FLAO) system, which is obtaining excellent results in terms of performance and reliability. The aim of this proposal is to show the scientific interest of such a project, together with a conceptual opto-mechanical study which shows its technical feasibility, taking advantage of the already existing AO systems, which are delivering the highest Strehl experienced in nowadays existing telescopes. Two channels are foreseen for SHARK, a near infrared channel (2.5-0.9 um) and a visible one (0.9 - 0.6 um), both providing imaging and coronagraphic modes. The visible channel is equipped with a very fast and low noise detector running at 1.0 kfps and an IFU spectroscopic port to provide low and medium resolution spectra of 1.5 x 1.5 arcsec fields. The search of extra solar giant planets is the main science case and the driver for the technical choices of SHARK, but leaving room for several other interesting scientific topics, which will be briefly depicted here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V
EditorsSuzanne K. Ramsay, Ian S. McLean, Hideki Takami
ISBN (Electronic)9780819496157
StatePublished - 2014
EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jun 22 2014Jun 26 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


OtherGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V


  • adaptive secondary
  • coronagraphy
  • extreme adaptive optics
  • large binocular telescope
  • planet finding
  • pyramid sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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