Abstract
This the user's manual for SHARE version 2. SHARE [G. Torrieri, S. Steinke, W. Broniowski, W. Florkowski, J. Letessier, J. Rafelski, Comput. Phys. Comm. 167 (2005) 229] (Statistical Hadronization with Resonances) is a collection of programs designed for the statistical analysis of particle production in relativistic heavyion collisions. While the structure of the program remains similar to v1.x, v2 provides several new features such as evaluation of statistical fluctuations of particle yields, and a greater versatility, in particular regarding decay feeddown and input/output structure. This article describes all the new features, with emphasis on statistical fluctuations. Program summary: Title of program:SHAREv2. Catalogue identifier:ADVD_v2_0. Program summary URL: http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADVD_v2_0. Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland. Computer:PC, Pentium III, 512 MB RAM not hardware dependent. Operating system:Linux: RedHat 6.1, 7.2, FEDORA, etc. not system dependent. Programming language:FORTRAN77. Size of the package:167 KB directory, without libraries (see http://wwwasdoc.web.cern.ch/wwwasdoc/minuit/minmain.html, http://wwwasd.web.cern.ch/wwwasd/cernlib.html for details on library requirements). Number of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.:26 101. Number of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.:170 346. Distribution format:tar.gzip file. Computer:Any computer with an f77 compiler. Nature of the physical problem:Eventbyevent fluctuations have been recognized to be the physical observable capable to constrain particle production models. Therefore, consideration of eventbyevent fluctuations is required for a decisive falsification or constraining of (variants of) particle production models based on (grand, micro) canonical statistical mechanics phase space, the so called statistical hadronization models (SHM). As in the case of particle yields, to properly compare model calculations to data it is necessary to consistently take into account resonance decays. However, eventbyevent fluctuations are more sensitive than particle yields to experimental acceptance issues, and a range of techniques needs to be implemented to extract 'physical' fluctuations from an experimental eventbyevent measurement. Method of solving the problem:The techniques used within the SHARE suite of programs [G. Torrieri, S. Steinke, W. Broniowski, W. Florkowski, J. Letessier, J. Rafelski, Comput. Phys. Comm. 167 (2005) 229; SHAREv1] are updated and extended to fluctuations. A full particle datatable, decay tree, and set of experimental feeddown coefficients are provided. Unlike SHAREv1.x, experimental acceptance feeddown coefficients can be entered for any resonance decay. SHAREv2 can calculate yields, fluctuations, and bulk properties of the fireball from provided thermal parameters; alternatively, parameters can be obtained from fits to experimental data, via the MINUIT fitting algorithm [F. James, M. Roos, Comput. Phys. Comm. 10 (1975) 343]. Fits can also be analyzed for significance, parameter and data point sensitivity. Averages and fluctuations at freezeout of both the stable particles and the hadronic resonances are set according to a statistical prescription, calculated via a series of Bessel functions, using CERN library programs. We also have the option of including finite particle widths of the resonances. A χ^{2} minimization algorithm, also from the CERN library programs, is used to perform and analyze the fit. Please see SHAREv1 for more details on these. Purpose:The vast amount of high quality soft hadron production data, from experiments running at the SPS, RHIC, in past at the AGS, and in the near future at the LHC, offers the opportunity for statistical particle production model falsification. This task has turned out to be difficult when considering solely particle yields addressed in the context of SHAREv1.x. For this reason physical conditions at freezeout remain contested. Inclusion in the analysis of eventbyevent fluctuations appears to resolve this issue. Similarly, a thorough analysis including both fluctuations and average multiplicities gives a way to explore the presence and strength of interactions following hadronization (when hadrons form), ending with thermal freezeout (when all interactions cease). SHAREv2 with fluctuations will also help determine which statistical ensemble (if any), e.g., canonical or grandcanonical, is more physically appropriate for analyzing a given system. Together with resonances, fluctuations can also be used for a direct estimate of the extent the system reinteracts between chemical and thermal freezeout. We hope and expect that SHAREv2 will contribute to decide if any of the statistical hadronization model variants has a genuine physical connection to hadron particle production. Computation time survey:We encounter, in the FORTRAN version computation, times up to seconds for evaluation of particle yields. These rise by up to a factor of 300 in the process of minimization and a further factor of a few when χ^{2} / N_{DoF} profiles and contours with chemical nonequilibrium are requested. Summary of new features (w.r.t. SHAREv1.x): Fluctuations:In addition to particle yields, ratios and bulk quantities SHAREv2 can calculate, fit and analyze statistical fluctuations of particles and particle ratios. Decays:SHAREv2 has the flexibility to account for any experimental method of allowing for decay feeddowns to the particle yields. Charm flavor:Charmed particles have been added to the decay tree, allowing as an option study of statistical hadronization of J / ψ, χ_{c}, D_{c}, etc. Quark chemistry:Chemical nonequilibrium yields for both u and d flavors, as opposed to generically light quarks q, are considered; ηη^{′} mixing, etc., are properly dealt with, and chemical nonequilibrium can be studied for each flavor separately. Misc:Many new commands and features have been introduced and added to the basic user interface. For example, it is possible to study combinations of particles and their ratios. It is also possible to combine all the input files into one file. SHARE compatibility and manual:This writeup is an update and extension of SHAREv1. The user should consult SHAREv1 regarding the principles of user interface and for all particle yield related physics and program instructions, other than the parameter additions and minor changes described here. SHAREv2 is downward compatible for the changes of the user interface, offering the user of SHAREv1 a computer generated revised input files compatible with SHAREv2.
Original language  English (US) 

Pages (fromto)  635649 
Number of pages  15 
Journal  Computer Physics Communications 
Volume  175 
Issue number  10 
DOIs  
State  Published  Nov 15 2006 
Keywords
 Decays of resonances
 Fluctuations
 Heavy ion collisions
 Particle production
 Relativistic heavyion collisions
 Statistical models
ASJC Scopus subject areas
 Hardware and Architecture
 Physics and Astronomy(all)
Fingerprint
Dive into the research topics of 'SHAREv2: fluctuations and a comprehensive treatment of decay feeddown'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.Datasets

SHAREv2: fluctuations and a comprehensive treatment of decay feeddown
Torrieri, G. (Contributor), Jeon, S. (Contributor), Letessier, J. (Contributor) & Rafelski, J. (Contributor), Mendeley Data, 2006
DOI: 10.17632/fzhn9wg85h.1, https://data.mendeley.com/datasets/fzhn9wg85h
Dataset