Shape optimization of reentry vehicles to minimize heat loading

Sinan Eyi, Kyle M. Hanquist, Iain D. Boyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The objective of the current study is to designanoptimumreentry vehicle shape thatminimizes heat loading subject to constraints on themaximumvalues of surface heat flux and temperature. A new heat loading formulation is developed for objective function evaluations. Axisymmetric Navier-Stokes and finite-rate chemical reaction equations are solved to evaluate the objectiveandconstraint functions.TheMenterSSTturbulencemodel isemployedfor turbulence closure. A gradient-based method is used for optimization. The sensitivities of the objective and constraint functions are evaluated using the finite-difference method. In shape optimization, the geometry change or the geometry itself is parameterized using different numbers of nonuniform rational basis spline (NURBS) or Bezier curves. Designs are performed at different trajectory points of the IRV-2 vehicle. The effects of flight path angle and reentry velocity on the heat transfer and trajectory characteristics of the original and designed geometries are quantified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-796
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Space and Planetary Science


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