Sequence-specific RNA recognition by an RGG motif connects U1 and U2 snRNP for spliceosome assembly

Tebbe De Vries, William Martelly, Sébastien Campagne, Kevin Sabath, Chris P. Sarnowski, Jason Wong, Alexander Leitner, Stefanie Jonas, Shalini Sharma, Frédéric H.T. Allain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In mammals, the structural basis for the interaction between U1 and U2 small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) during the early steps of splicing is still elusive. The binding of the ubiquitin-like (UBL) domain of SF3A1 to the stem-loop 4 of U1 snRNP (U1-SL4) contributes to this interaction. Here, we determined the 3D structure of the complex between the UBL of SF3A1 and U1-SL4 RNA. Our crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and cross-linking mass spectrometry data show that SF3A1-UBL recognizes, sequence specifically, the GCG/CGC RNA stem and the apical UUCG tetraloop of U1-SL4. In vitro and in vivo mutational analyses support the observed intermolecular contacts and demonstrate that the carboxyl-terminal arginine-glycine-glycine-arginine (RGGR) motif of SF3A1-UBL binds sequence specifically by inserting into the RNA major groove. Thus, the characterization of the SF3A1-UBL/U1-SL4 complex expands the repertoire of RNA binding domains and reveals the capacity of RGG/RG motifs to bind RNA in a sequencespecific manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2114092119
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume119
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • RGG motif
  • Spliceosome assembly
  • Splicing
  • Ubiquitin-like domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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