Self-Transcendence and Well-Being in Homeless Adults

Jennifer J. Runquist, Pamela G. Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


This study examines the relationships of spiritually and physically related variables to well-being among homeless adults. A convenience sample of 61 sheltered homeless persons completed the Spiritual Perspective Scale, the Self-Transcendence Scale, the Index of Well-Being, and items measuring fatigue and health status. The data were subjected to correlational and multiple regression analysis. Positive, significant correlations were found among spiritual perspective, self-transcendence, health status, and well-being. Fatigue was inversely correlated with health status and well-being. Self-transcendence and health status together explained 59% of the variance in well-being. The findings support Reed's theory of self-transcendence, in which there is the basic assumption that human beings have the potential to integrate difficult life situations. This study contributes to the growing body of evidence that conceptualizes homeless persons as having spiritual, emotional, and physical capacities that can be used by health care professionals to promote well-being in this vulnerable population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-13
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Holistic Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • homeless
  • self-transcendence
  • spirituality
  • vulnerability
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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