We adopt the conduction fluid approximation to model the steady-state distribution of matter around a massive black hole at the center of a weakly collisional cluster of particles. By "weakly collisional" we mean a cluster in which the mean free time between particle collisions is much longer than the characteristic particle crossing (dynamical) time scale, but shorter than the cluster lifetime. When applied to a star cluster, we reproduce the familiar Bahcall-Wolf power-law cusp solution for the stars bound to the black hole. Here the star density scales with radius as r-7/4 and the velocity dispersion as r-1/2 throughout most of the gravitational well of the black hole. When applied to a relaxed, self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) halo with a velocity-dependent cross section σ∼v-a, the gas again forms a power-law cusp, but now the SIDM density scales as r-β, where β=(a+3)/4, while its velocity dispersion again varies as r-1/2. Results are obtained first in Newtonian theory and then in full general relativity. Although the conduction fluid model is a simplification, it provides a reasonable first approximation to the matter profiles and is much easier to implement than a full Fokker-Planck treatment or an N-body simulation of the Boltzmann equation with collisional perturbations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - Jan 16 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)