Self-efficacy in caregivers of adults diagnosed with cancer: An integrative review

Megan C. Thomas Hebdon, Lorinda A. Coombs, Pamela Reed, Tracy E. Crane, Terry A. Badger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: Cancer caregivers experience health challenges related to their caregiving role, and self-efficacy can contribute to health outcomes through behavioral, environmental, and personal factors. The purpose of this integrative review was to examine self-efficacy in caregivers of adults diagnosed with cancer, including its association with health factors. Method: A systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, and PsychInfo yielded 560 articles. Following duplicate removal, 232 articles were screened for inclusion criteria with 71 articles remaining for final review. Results: Studies were generally quantitative (n = 67), with predominantly female (n = 55), White (n = 36) caregivers, between the ages of 45–60 (n = 48). Self-efficacy was significantly associated with quality of life, caregiver function, social support, hope, depression, anxiety, and burden as a predictor, mediator, and outcome. Physical health and social determinants of health (social support and financial well-being) were addressed among fewer studies than mental and emotional health outcomes. Conclusions: Addressing self-efficacy in diverse populations and within physical, mental, and social health contexts will enhance understanding of how self-efficacy impacts caregivers of adults diagnosed with cancer. Nurses and other health care professionals can then effectively address supportive needs of caregivers in the personal, behavioral, and environmental domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101933
JournalEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Cancer
  • Caregiver
  • Caregiving
  • Health outcomes
  • Integrative review
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology(nursing)


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