Selected contribution: Modulation of insulin resistance and hypertension by voluntary exercise training in the TG(mREN2)27 rat

Tyson R. Kinnick, Erik B. Youngblood, Matthew P. O'Keefe, Vitoon Saengsirisuwan, Mary K. Teachey, Erik J. Henriksen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Hypertension is often accompanied by insulin resistance of skeletal muscle glucose transport. The male heterozygous TG(mREN2)27 rat, which harbors a mouse transgene for renin, displays local elevations in the renin-angiotensin system and exhibits markedly elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP). The present study was undertaken to characterize insulin-stimulated skeletal muscle glucose transport in male heterozygous TG(mREN2)27 rats and to evaluate the effect of voluntary exercise training on SBP and skeletal muscle glucose transport. Compared with normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats, TG(mREN2)27 rats displayed a 53% elevation (P < 0.05) in SBP, a twofold increase in plasma free fatty acid levels, and an exaggerated insulin response during an oral glucose tolerance test. Moreover, insulin-mediated glucose transport (2-deoxyglucose uptake) in isolated epitrochlearis and soleus muscles of TG(mREN2)27 animals was 33 and 43% less, respectively, than in Sprague-Dawley controls. TG(mREN2)27 rats ran voluntarily for 6 wk and achieved daily running distances of 6-7 km over the final 3 wk. Training caused a 36% increase in peak aerobic capacity and a 16% reduction in resting SBP. Fasting plasma insulin (21%) and free fatty acid (34%) levels were reduced in the trained TG(mREN2)27 rats. Whole body glucose tolerance was improved in the trained TG(mREN2)27 rats and was associated with increases of 39 and 50% in insulin-mediated glucose transport in epitrochlearis and soleus muscles, respectively. Whole muscle GLUT-4 protein was increased in the soleus (23%), but not in the epitrochlearis, of trained TG(mREN2)27 rats. These data indicate that the male heterozygous TG(mREN2)27 rat is a model of both hypertension and insulin resistance. Importantly, both of these defects can be beneficially modified by voluntary exercise training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)805-812
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002


  • Glucose tolerance
  • Glucose transporter-4
  • Renin-angiotensin system
  • Skeletal muscle glucose transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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