Seismic Performance Evaluation of Precast Prestressed Concrete Frames Containing Recycled Aggregates

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2 Scopus citations


This research aims to investigate the cyclic behavior of prestressed assembled precast frame structures that contain various amounts of recycled aggregates. A series of half-scale model precast frame structures with different recycled aggregate substitutions, varying from 0 to 100%, were constructed and tested to failure to evaluate their structural performance indexes in terms of strength, stiffness, cumulative energy dissipation, and damping ratio. The tests showed that all tested prestressed assembled precast frame structures maintained the features of a low-damage and self-centering seismic-resistant system before the drifts attained 4%. The occurrence of adverse effects in seismic behavior is more likely if more natural aggregates are substituted by recycled aggregates. However, those adverse effects observed in the experiments are not severe. Therefore, this type of recycled aggregate concrete precast frame has the potential to provide adequate seismic capacity. It is definitely possible to be used in regions of high seismicity with a rational design. Empirical equations for estimating the equivalent damping and self-centering efficiency are proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-305
Number of pages15
JournalACI Structural Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • precast frame
  • prestressed concrete
  • recycled concrete
  • seismic behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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