Secretion of atrial natriuretic factor-(1-98) by primary cardiac myocytes

C. C. Glembotski, J. E. Dixon, T. R. Gibson

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24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that primary cultures of cardiac myocytes maintained in a complete serum-free medium contain a precursor to atrial natriuretic factor (ANF-(1-126). The cultured cells secrete this precursor unless maintained in the presence of glucocorticoids wherein the known circulating form derived from the C-terminal of ANF (ANF-(99-126)) is secreted. The present study was designed to determine the fate of the N-terminal region of the ANF precursor during secretion from myocytes maintained in glucocorticoids. A radioimmunoassay (RIA) was developed using synthetic ANF-1(1-16); the antiserum demonstrated cross-reactivity toward ANF-(1-126) and ANF-(1-98)-like peptides but did not cross-react with ANF-(99-126). Coupling this RIA with an ANF-(99-126)-specific RIA and reversed phase, size exclusion, and ion exchange high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), it was shown that primary cultures of atrial myocytes maintained in dexamethasone contained ANF-(1-126) and secreted ANF-(99-126) and a peptide that was chromatographically indistinguishable from ANF-(1-98). Isolated perfused rat hearts were also shown by RIA and HPLC to secrete similar peptides. The primary cells were labeled with [35S]methionine, and the secreted N-terminal ANF-related material was immunoprecipitated with the ANF-(1-16) antiserum. HPLC, tryptic peptide mapping, and radiosequencing demonstrated that this peptide possessed an N-terminal structure identical to that of ANF-(1-126). When the cells were labeled with [3H]leucine and the secreted N-terminal ANF-related material was immunoprecipitated and analyzed by tryptic mapping, it was shown to possess labeled tryptic peptides consistent with the structure of ANF-(1-98). Tryptic mapping of [3H]arginine-labeled N-terminal ANF-related material demonstrated the presence of all peptides consistent with the ANF-(1-98) structure, including ANF-(92-98). These studies demonstrate that primary atrial myocytes contain ANF-(1-126) and in the presence of dexamethasone secrete both ANF-(1-98) and ANF-(99-126), the two major circulating forms of the hormone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16073-16081
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume263
Issue number31
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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