Seasonal occurrence of rotavirus in sewage

T. W. Hejkal, E. M. Smith, C. P. Gerba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


A seasonal distribution was observed for rotavirus in sewage by using indirect immunofluorescence. Levels were low from May through September and generally higher during winter and spring. In contrast, no seasonal pattern was observed for total enteroviruses. Limitations of the indirect immunofluorescence assay and enzyme immunoassay for environmental samples are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)588-590
Number of pages3
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Ecology


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