Rationale and Objectives. We aimed to determine if the characteristics and principles of visual search described for the detection of pulmonary nodules apply to extremity fractures. Methods.: The eye positions of staff orthopedic radiologists, radiology residents, and medical students were monitored as they searched hand and wrist X-ray images for fractures and a chest image for nodules. Results.: More systematic scanning patterns were observed for experienced observers than inexperienced observers. Positive decisions for bone durations were significantly longer for false-negative versus true-negative decisions. Intercluster jump distances were found to be greater for chest images than bone iamges. Conclusions.: A search for bone fractures can be qualitatively characterized by classifying observer scan paths, dwell times, and jump distances. Gaze duration can be a useful predictor of bone image locations containing potential missed fractures. Perceptual feedback could aid observers in the detection of inconspicuous fractures.
- Visual search
- bone fractures
- detection and decision making
- eye-position monitoring
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging