Search for b ¯ b ¯ us and b ¯ c ¯ ud tetraquark bound states using lattice QCD

Stefan Meinel, Martin Pflaumer, Marc Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We use lattice QCD to investigate the existence of strong-interaction-stable antiheavy-Antiheavy-light-light tetraquarks. We study the b¯b¯us system with quantum numbers JP=1+ as well as the b¯c¯ud systems with quantum numbers I(JP)=0(0+) and I(JP)=0(1+). We carry out computations on five gauge-link ensembles with 2+1 flavors of domain-wall fermions, including one at the physical pion mass. The bottom quarks are implemented using lattice nonrelativistic QCD, and the charm quarks using an anisotropic clover action. In addition to local diquark-Antidiquark and local meson-meson interpolating operators, we include nonlocal meson-meson operators at the sink, which facilitates the reliable determination of the low-lying energy levels. We find clear evidence for the existence of a strong-interaction-stable b¯b¯us tetraquark with binding energy (-86±22±10) MeV and mass (10609±22±10) MeV. For the b¯c¯ud systems we do not find any indication for the existence of bound states, but cannot rule out their existence either.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034507
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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