We report the direct imaging discovery of a low-mass companion to the nearby accelerating A star, HIP 109427, with the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) instrument coupled with the Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector Exoplanet Camera (MEC) and CHARIS integral field spectrograph. CHARIS data reduced with reference star point spread function (PSF) subtraction yield 1.1-2.4 μm spectra. MEC reveals the companion in Y and J band at a comparable signal-to-noise ratio using stochastic speckle discrimination, with no PSF subtraction techniques. Combined with complementary follow-up L p photometry from Keck/NIRC2, the SCExAO data favors a spectral type, effective temperature, and luminosity of M4-M5.5, 3000-3200 K, and, respectively. Relative astrometry of HIP 109427 B from SCExAO/CHARIS and Keck/NIRC2, and complementary Gaia-Hipparcos absolute astrometry of the primary favor a semimajor axis of 6.55+3.0-0.48 au, an eccentricity of M o˙. This work shows the potential for extreme AO systems to utilize speckle statistics in addition to widely used postprocessing methods to directly image faint companions to nearby stars near the telescope diffraction limit.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Aug 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science
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Near-IR spectrum of HIP 109427 with SCExAO/CHARIS
Steiger, S. (Creator), Currie, T. (Creator), Brandt, T. D. (Creator), Guyon, O. (Creator), Kuzuhara, M. (Creator), Chilcote, J. (Creator), Groff, T. D. (Creator), Lozi, J. (Creator), Walter, A. B. (Creator), Fruitwala, N. (Creator), Zobrist, N. (Creator), Swimmer, N. (Creator), Lipartito, I. (Creator), Smith, J. P. (Creator), Bockstiegel, C. (Creator), Meeker, S. R. (Creator), Coiffard, G. (Creator), Dodkins, R. (Creator), Szypryt, P. (Creator), Davis, K. K. (Creator), Daal, M. (Creator), Bumble, B. (Creator), Vievard, S. (Creator), Sahoo, A. (Creator), Deo, V. (Creator), Jovanovic, N. (Creator), Martinache, F. (Creator), Doppmann, G. (Creator), Tamura, M. (Creator), Kasdin, N. J. (Creator) & Mazin, B. A. (Creator), Centre de Donnees Strasbourg (CDS), 2021
DOI: 10.26093/cds/vizier.51620044, https://cdsarc.cds.unistra.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/AJ/162/44