Scaling theory of the Mott-Hubbard metal-insulator transition in one dimension

C. A. Stafford, A. J. Millis

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90 Scopus citations


We use the Bethe ansatz equations to calculate the charge stiffness Dc=(L/2)d2E0/dc2c=0 of the one-dimensional repulsive-interaction Hubbard model for electron densities close to the Mott insulating value of one electron per site (n=1), where E0 is the ground-state energy, L is the circumference of the system (assumed to have periodic boundary conditions), and (Latin small letter h with strokec/e)c is the magnetic flux enclosed. We obtain an exact result for the asymptotic form of Dc(L) as L at n=1, which defines and yields an analytic expression for the correlation length in the Mott insulating phase of the model as a function of the on-site repulsion U. In the vicinity of the zero-temperature critical point U=0, n=1, we show that the charge stiffness has the hyperscaling form Dc(n,L,U)=Y+(/L), where =-1-n- and Y+ is a universal scaling function which we calculate. The physical significance of in the metallic phase of the model is that it defines the characteristic size of the charge-carrying solitons, or holons. We construct an explicit mapping for arbitrary U and 1 of the holons onto weakly interacting spinless fermions, and use this mapping to obtain an asymptotically exact expression for the low-temperature thermopower near the metal-insulator transition, which is a generalization to arbitrary U of a result previously obtained using a weak-coupling approximation, and implies holelike transport for 0<1-n-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1409-1425
Number of pages17
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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