Sampling statistics and considerations for single-shot analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

J. E. Carranza, D. W. Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations


A statistical analysis of single-shot spectral data is reported for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Fluctuations in both atomic emission and plasma continuum emission are investigated in concert for a homogenous gaseous flow, and fluctuations in plasma temperature are reported based on iron atomic emission in an aerosol-seeded flow. Threshold irradiance for plasma initiation and plasma absorption were investigated for pure gaseous and aerosol streams, with detailed statistical measurements performed as a function of pulse energy in the breakdown regime. The ratio of the analyte atomic emission intensity to the continuum emission intensity (peak/base) provided a robust signal for single-shot LIBS analysis. Moreover, at optimal temporal delay, the precision of the LIBS signal was maximized for pulse energies within the saturation regime with respect to plasma absorption of incident energy. Finally, single-shot temperature measurements were analyzed, leading to the conclusion that spatial variations in the plasma volume formation and subsequent plasma emission collection, play important roles in the overall shot-to-shot precision of the LIBS technique for gaseous and aerosol analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-790
Number of pages12
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 5 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Aerosol
  • Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)
  • Single-shot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy


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