SA gene expression in the proximal tubule of normotensive and hypertensive rats

Tianxin Yang, Sohail A. Hassan, Inderjit Singh, Ann Smart, Frank C. Brosius, Lawrence B. Holzman, Jurgen B. Schnermann, Josie P. Briggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Previous studies have shown that the SA gene is expressed at higher levels in the kidney of genetically hypertensive rats than in control strains and that in hybrid crosses of genetically hypertensive rats and normotensive controls, markers in or close to the SA gene cosegregate with blood pressure. The present studies examine the localization of the SA gene product in the kidney by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). cDNA was prepared from microdissected nephron segments from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, and RT-PCR was performed using specific primers. In all three strains, SA gene mRNA was found to be abundantly expressed in proximal tubules. SA PCR product was occasionally detected at approximately 100-fold lower abundance in glomeruli, while no signal was obtained from the collecting duct, thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle, or arcuate artery. Within the proximal tubule of normotensive rats, distribution of SA mRNA was found to be strain dependent: in SD rats it was expressed at high levels in the proximal convoluted tubule, whereas in WKY rats it was restricted to the proximal straight tubule. In SHRs, SA PCR product was detected along the entire proximal tubule. Induction of hypertension by renal artery clamping (two-kidney, one-clamp Goldblatt model) did not alter the pattern of expression observed in the SD rat. These results indicate that an extension of SA gene expression to the full length of the proximal tubule accompanies spontaneous hypertension and that in nonhypertensive animals the pattern of gene product expression is more restricted but shows substantial strain variability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-545
Number of pages5
Issue number3 II
StatePublished - Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • gene expression
  • kidney
  • nephron
  • rats, inbred, SHR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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