Role of an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 in oxidant-induced renal cell death

Brian S. Cummings, Jane McHowat, Rick G. Schnellmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) hydrolyzes the sn-2 ester bond in phospholipids, releasing a fatty acid and a lysophospholipid. Recently, a novel 85-kDa membrane-bound-Ca2+-independent PLA2 (iPLA2) was identified in insect and bacterial cells transfected with candidate PLA2 sequences. However, few data exist demonstrating a membrane-bound-iPLA2 in mammalian cells, its subcellular localization, or its physiological role. Herein, we demonstrate the expression of an 85-kDa endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Ca2+-iPLA2 (ER-iPLA2) in rabbit renal proximal tubule cells (RPTC) that is plasmalogen selective and is inhibited by the specific Ca2+-iPLA2 inhibitor bromoenol lactone (BEL). RPTC exposed to tert-butylhydroperoxide for 24 h exhibited 20% oncosis compared with 2% in controls. Inhibition of ER-iPLA2 with BEL before tert-butylhydroperoxide exposure resulted in 50% oncosis. To determine whether this effect was common to oxidants, we tested the ability of BEL to potentiate oncosis induced by cumene hydroperoxide, menadione, duraquinone, cisplatin, and the nonoxidant antimycin A. All oxidants tested produced oncosis after 24 h, and prior inhibition of ER-iPLA2 potentiated oncosis at least twofold. In contrast, inhibition of ER-iPLA2 did not alter antimycin A-induced oncosis. Lipid peroxidation increased from 1.4- to 5.2-fold in RPTC treated with BEL before oxidant exposure, whereas no change was seen in antimycin A-treated RPTC. These results are the first to demonstrate the expression and subcellular localization of an ER-iPLA2. These results also suggest that ER-iPLA2 functions to protect against oxidant-induced lipid peroxidation and oncosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F492-F498
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume283
Issue number3 52-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Kidney
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidant-induced cell death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

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