Robotic transthoracic first-rib resection for Paget-Schroetter syndrome

Farid Gharagozloo, Mark Meyer, Barbara Tempesta, Stephan Gruessner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


First-rib resection is a key component in the treatment of Paget-Schroetter syndrome. We report our experience with robotic first-rib resection. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with Paget-schroetter syndrome underwent thrombolysis followed by robotic first-rib resection. The diagnosis was made by preoperative venography (VA) and magnetic resonance venography. The robot was used to dissect the first rib, disarticulate the costosternal joint and divide the scalene muscles. Success of the first-rib resection was assessed by physical examination, venogram and magnetic resonance venography. RESULTS: Eighty-three robotic first-rib resections were performed (49 men and 34 women). The mean age of the patients was 24 years 8.5 years. The operative time was 127.6 min 20.8 min. The median hospitalization was 4 days. There were no surgical complications, neurovascular injuries or mortality. Patients with a patent subclavian vein on the postoperative venogram (57 of 83 patients, 69%) were anticoagulated with warfarin for 3 months. In the remaining 27 patients with a persistent postoperative occlusion of the subclavian vein, 21 (21 of 83 patients, 24%) underwent angioplasty and were anticoagulated with warfarin for 3 months, and 6 (6 of 83, 7%) required stent placement to achieve complete vein patency. Patients who underwent stent placement received antiplatelet therapy in addition to warfarin anticoagulation for 3 months. At a median follow-up of 24 months, all patients had an open subclavian vein with a patency rate of 100%. CONCLUSIONS: The robotic transthoracic first-rib resection is feasible and allows for a minimally invasive resection of the first rib, while minimizing neurovascular complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-439
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019


  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Paget-Schroetter syndrome
  • Robotic surgery
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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