Robotic first rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome

Farid Gharagozloo, Nabhan Atiquzzaman, Mark Meyer, Barbara Tempesta, Scott Werden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Robotic resection of the “offending portion” of the first rib in patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) has been associated with excellent results. The results have been due to (I) a better understanding of the pathogenesis of TOS, and (II) the technical advantages of the robotic platform. This article outlines the recent understanding of the pathogenesis of TOS, and reports the experience with robotic resection of the “offending portion” of the first rib in patients with neurogenic and venous TOS. Patients diagnosed with TOS underwent robotic first rib resection. Diagnosis of TOS was made by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). On a thoracoscopic platform, the robot was used to dissect the “offending portion” of the first rib. A total of 162 patients underwent robotic first rib resection. Eighty-three patients underwent robotic first rib resection for Paget-Schroetter syndrome (PSS) (venous TOS). There were 49 men and 34 women. Mean age was 24±8.5 years. Operative time was 127.6±20.8 minutes. Median hospitalization was 4 days. There were no surgical complications, neurovascular injuries, or mortality. At a median follow-up of 24 months, all patients had an open subclavian vein (SV) for a patency rate of 100%. Seventy-nine patients underwent robotic first rib resection for neurologic symptoms of the upper extremity (neurogenic TOS). There were 29 men and 50 women. Mean age was 34±9.5 years. Operative time was 87.6±10.8 minutes. There were no intraoperative complications. Hospital stay ranged from 2-4 days with a median hospitalization of 3 days. There were no neurovascular complications. There was no mortality. In patients with neurogenic symptoms, Quick DASH Scores (mean ± SEM) decreased from 60.3±2.1 preoperatively to 5±2.3 in the immediate postoperative period, and 3.5±1.1 at 6 months (P<0.0001). Immediate relief of symptoms was seen in 71/79 (91%) patients. Persistent paresthesia was seen in 9/79 (9%) immediately postop and 3/79 (3.8%) patients at 6 months. Following the appropriate identification of the “offending portion” of the first rib which results in compression of the SV at its junction with the innominate vein by MRA, robotic resection of the “offending portion” of the first rib allows is associated with excellent results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6141-6154
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (neurogenic TOS)
  • Paget-Schroetter syndrome (PSS)
  • Robotic first rib resection
  • Subclavian vein compression (SV compression)
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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