Risk of kidney toxicity with carfilzomib in multiple myeloma: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Somedeb Ball, Tapas Ranjan Behera, Faiz Anwer, Rajshekhar Chakraborty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The incidence and relative risk of kidney toxicity with carfilzomib in multiple myeloma (MM) has been incompletely characterized. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing carfilzomib-based with non-carfilzomib-based regimens in MM to investigate the risk of kidney toxicity. Point estimates were pooled in the form of risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) using the random-effects model. We identified four RCTs with 2954 patients. The median duration of treatment ranged from 16.3 to 88 weeks in carfilzomib arms. The cumulative rate of kidney toxicities in the carfilzomib arms was 21.3% for all grades and 8.3% for grades 3–5 toxicities, with acute kidney injury being the predominantly reported event. Patients receiving a carfilzomib-based regimen had a significantly higher risk of total kidney toxicity compared with those in the control arms, with pooled RR of 1.79 (95% CI, 1.43–2.23, p < 0.001) and 2.29 (95% CI, 1.59–3.30; p < 0.001), for all grades and grades 3–5 toxicities, respectively. Despite adjustment for the duration of exposure in treatment arms, pooled incidence rate ratios (IRR) for kidney toxicity was significantly increased in the carfilzomib arm compared with control (pooled IRR of 1.28 for all grades and 1.66 for grades 3–5 toxicity). Subgroup analysis based on carfilzomib dose, infusion length, and treatment setting did not identify any significant subgroup effect. Kidney toxicity is an important adverse effect of carfilzomib-based regimens. Prospective studies should investigate patient-, disease-, and treatment-related risk factors for severe kidney toxicities and impact on long-term outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1265-1271
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Hematology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Carfilzomib
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Nephrotoxicity
  • Onconephrology
  • Supportive care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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