Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by increased pulmonary vascular resistance leading to right heart failure. Elevated right atrial (RA) pressure reflects right ventricular (RV) pressure overload and is an established risk factor for mortality in PH. We hypothesized that PH patients with an increased ratio of RA to LA volume index (RAVI/LAVI), would have increased mortality. Methods: We evaluated the association of RAVI/LAVI with mortality in 124 patients seen at a single academic center's PH clinic after adjusting for the REVEAL risk score, an established risk score in PH. LA and RA volume indices were measured in the four-and two-chamber views by two independent researchers. Multivariable logistic regression was used to model the independent association of RAVI/LAVI with survival. Results: Among 124 patients (mean age 62 ± 12.7 years, 68.6% female), each unit increase in RAVI/LAVI was associated with a nearly twofold increase in mortality (OR: 1.91, 95% CI: 1.20–3.04). In a multivariable logistic regression, each unit increase in RAVI/LAVI was associated with a nearly twofold increase in mortality (OR: 1.73, 95% CI: 1.003–2.998). Furthermore, RAVI/LAVI in the highest quartile (>1.42) was significantly associated with elevated right atrial pressure (RAP) to pulmonary artery wedge pressure ratio (RAP/PAWP) (0.76 ± 0.41, P = 0.02) compared with the lowest quartile (<0.77), suggesting an interaction between invasive hemodynamic data, atrial structural changes, and mortality in PH. Conclusions: Increased RAVI/LAVI in PH is associated with decreased survival and accounts for atrial structural remodeling related to invasive hemodynamics. These findings support further study of this index in predicting outcomes in PH.
- REVEAL risk score
- left atrial volume index
- pulmonary hypertension
- right atrial volume index
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine