Revisit of non-ordinary state-based peridynamics

Xin Gu, Erdogan Madenci, Qing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


The force density vector in the Non-Ordinary State-Based (NOSB) PeriDynamics (PD) replaces the internal force vector derived from the divergence of the stress tensor in the classical (local) stress equilibrium equations. It involves only the non-local form of the first order derivatives of stress and displacement components. Inherent in the NOSB PD formulation is the presence of oscillations especially in the regions of steep displacement gradients. This study introduces an alternative form of the force density vector by considering the internal force vector derived directly from the displacement equilibrium equations. It involves only the non-local form of the second-order derivatives of the displacement components. The numerical results from this form of the force density vector do not present any oscillations. Therefore, it is referred to as the Refined NOSB (RNOSB) – PD. The simulations concern the comparisons of NOSB and RNOSB PD predictions for an isotropic plate with or without a notch or a crack under quasi-static and dynamic tensile loading. The RNOSB PD proves to be effective and accurate for cracking and fracture analysis without any numerical instability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-52
Number of pages22
JournalEngineering Fracture Mechanics
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018


  • Correspondence
  • Differential operator
  • Non-ordinary state-based
  • Peridynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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