Reservoir Flood Season Segmentation and Risk–benefit Cooperative Decision of Staged Flood Limited Water Level

Xiaoying Li, Yan Zhang, Zechun Tong, Guo Yue Niu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Investigation of seasonal inconsistency between water consumption and rainfall variation is important for more efficient use of floodwater resources. Adjustment of the flood limited water level (FLWL) is an effective way to improve the floodwater use efficiency. Flood season segmentation provides the basis for determining the FLWL and tapping the potential use of floodwater resources. Compromise between the benefit of floodwater use and flood control is crucial to FLWL decision. We use the circular distribution method for flood season segmentation and the relative frequency method for verification. We select the performances of water supply and hydropower generation as the benefit index and the extreme risk rate as the risk index. On the basis of the game theory, we establish a multi-objective cooperative decision-making model and obtain a Nash negotiation solution of staged FLWL. An optimal scheme is determined according to the fuzzy pattern recognition theory. When the risk and benefit are equally valued, the resulting FLWLs of the optimal scheme are 129.0 m, and 128.5 m for a selected reservoir in the pre-flood season and the post-flood season, respectively. By adjusting the preference values of the risk and benefit indexes, we determine the optimal FLWL scheme under different preferences to risk and benefit for each stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3463-3479
Number of pages17
JournalWater Resources Management
Issue number10
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • Adjustment of flood limited water level
  • Extreme risk rate
  • Flood season segmentation
  • Multi-objective cooperative decision
  • Nash negotiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology


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