Renin-angiotensin system inhibition reverses the altered triacylglycerol metabolic network in diabetic kidney disease

Kelli M. Sas, Jiahe Lin, Chih Hong Wang, Hongyu Zhang, Jharna Saha, Thekkelnaycke M. Rajendiran, Tanu Soni, Viji Nair, Felix Eichinger, Matthias Kretzler, Frank C. Brosius, George Michailidis, Subramaniam Pennathur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Dyslipidemia is a significant risk factor for progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Determining the changes in individual lipids and lipid networks across a spectrum of DKD severity may identify lipids that are pathogenic to DKD progression. Methods: We performed untargeted lipidomic analysis of kidney cortex tissue from diabetic db/db and db/db eNOS−/− mice along with non-diabetic littermate controls. A subset of mice were treated with the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors, lisinopril and losartan, which improves the DKD phenotype in the db/db eNOS−/− mouse model. Results: Of the three independent variables in this study, diabetes had the largest impact on overall lipid levels in the kidney cortex, while eNOS expression and RAS inhibition had smaller impacts on kidney lipid levels. Kidney lipid network architecture, particularly of networks involving glycerolipids such as triacylglycerols, was substantially disrupted by worsening kidney disease in the db/db eNOS−/− mice compared to the db/db mice, a feature that was reversed with RAS inhibition. This was associated with decreased expression of the stearoyl-CoA desaturases, Scd1 and Scd2, with RAS inhibition. Conclusions: In addition to the known salutary effect of RAS inhibition on DKD progression, our results suggest a previously unrecognized role for RAS inhibition on the kidney triacylglycerol lipid metabolic network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number65
JournalMetabolomics
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • DKD
  • Diabetes
  • Lipidomics
  • Lipids
  • RAS inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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