Renal magnetic resonance angiography at 3.0 Tesla using a 32-element phased-array coil system and parallel imaging in 2 directions

Michael Fenchel, Kambiz Nael, Vibhas S. Deshpande, J. Paul Finn, Ulrich Kramer, Stephan Miller, Stefan Ruehm, Gerhard Laub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of renal magnetic resonance angiography at 3.0 T using a phased-array coil system with 32-coil elements. Specifically, high parallel imaging factors were used for an increased spatial resolution and anatomic coverage of the whole abdomen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Signal-to-noise values and the g-factor distribution of the 32 element coil were examined in phantom studies for the magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) sequence. Eleven volunteers (6 men, median age of 30.0 years) were examined on a 3.0-T MR scanner (Magnetom Trio, Siemens Medical Solutions, Malvern, PA) using a 32-element phased-array coil (prototype from In vivo Corp.). Contrast-enhanced 3D-MRA (TR 2.95 milliseconds, TE 1.12 milliseconds, flip angle 25-30°, bandwidth 650 Hz/pixel) was acquired with integrated generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisition (GRAPPA), in both phase- and slice-encoding direction. Images were assessed by 2 independent observers with regard to image quality, noise and presence of artifacts. RESULTS: Signal-to-noise levels of 22.2 ± 22.0 and 57.9 ± 49.0 were measured with (GRAPPAx6) and without parallel-imaging, respectively. The mean g-factor of the 32-element coil for GRAPPA with an acceleration of 3 and 2 in the phase-encoding and slice-encoding direction, respectively, was 1.61. High image quality was found in 9 of 11 volunteers (2.6 ± 0.8) with good overall interobserver agreement (k = 0.87). Relatively low image quality with higher noise levels were encountered in 2 volunteers. CONCLUSION: MRA at 3.0 T using a 32-element phased-array coil is feasible in healthy volunteers. High diagnostic image quality and extended anatomic coverage could be achieved with application of high parallel imaging factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)697-703
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • 3 Tesla
  • MR angiography
  • MRA
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Parallel imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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