Removal of bacterial indicators and pathogens from dairy wastewater by a multi-component treatment system

M. M. Karpiscak, L. R. Sanchez, R. J. Freitas, C. P. Gerba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Microbial removal by a multi-component treatment system for dairy and municipal wastewater is being studied in Arizona, USA. The system consists of paired solids separators, anaerobic lagoons, aerobic ponds and constructed wetlands cells. The organisms under study include: total coliform, fecal coliform, enterovirus, Listeria monocytogenes, Clostridium perfringens, coliphage, Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum. Organism removal rates from dairy wastewater varied from 13.2 per cent for fecal coliform to 94.9 per cent for coliphage. It appears that the much higher turbidity of the dairy wastewater, nearly 1,300 NTU, decreased the treatment systems' ability to remove some microbial indicators and pathogens. Information from this study can be used to determine the adequacy of multi-component treatment systems for the control of wastewater-borne pathogens, both in municipal treatment systems as well as in confined animal feeding operations (CAFO). This information also can assist municipalities and the CAFO industry in the implementation of rational and efficient treatment strategies for appropriate reuse of wastewaters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - 2001


  • Constructed wetlands
  • Dairy wastewater
  • Indicator bacteria
  • Pathogens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Removal of bacterial indicators and pathogens from dairy wastewater by a multi-component treatment system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this