Relationship between susceptibility induced field inhomogeneities, restricted diffusion, and relaxation in sedimentary rocks

Robert C. Wilson, Martin D. Hürlimann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Low field relaxation and diffusion measurements have become essential tools to study the pore space of sedimentary rocks with important practical applications in the field of well logging and hydrocarbon extractions. Even at Larmor frequencies below 2 MHz, diffusion measurements are often affected noticeably by internal field inhomogeneities. These field inhomogeneities are induced by susceptibility contrast between the rock and the fluid and are evident in most sandstones. Using sets of two-dimensional diffusion-relaxation measurements in applied and internal gradients, we study in detail the correlation between the field inhomogeneities, restricted diffusion, and relaxation time in three rocks of different susceptibility. We find that in the sandstone cores, the field inhomogeneities in large pores can be described by a local gradient that scales inversely with relaxation time above 250 ms. At shorter relaxation times, the extracted internal gradients deviate from this scaling relationship and we observe a dependence on diffusion time. This demonstrates that in this case, the internal field has structure on a length scale of a few microns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Diffusion-relaxation measurements
  • Internal field
  • Porous media
  • Susceptibility contrast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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