Relationship Between Severity of T Cell Lymphopenia and Immune Dysregulation in Patients with DiGeorge Syndrome (22q11.2 Deletions and/or Related TBX1 Mutations): a USIDNET Study

The USIDNET Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: DiGeorge syndrome has substantial heterogeneity with variable immune deficiency and dysregulation. Implicated immunopathology includes reduced thymic output and increased peripheral homeostatic proliferation with Th2 skewing and expansion of self-reactive cells. We hypothesized that T cell lymphopenia severity will be associated with higher odds of autoimmunity and/or asthma. Methods: Using the US Immunodeficiency Network registry, we identified patients with 22q11.2 deletion (and/or TBX1). Initial absolute CD3+ T cell values were stratified: normal, 50–99% and below 50% of the lower limit of age-adjusted normal values. Patients with and without reported autoimmunity and asthma were compared using chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression. Results: Among 415 patients, autoimmunity was reported in 17 (4.1%), and asthma was reported in 28 (6.7%). Compared with those with no reported autoimmunity, patients with reported autoimmunity more frequently had low CD19+ B cells [3.3% (12/364) vs 28.6% (4/14); p = 0.002] and low IgG [6.2% (20/321) vs 29.4% (5/17); p = 0.005] levels. There were no statistically significant differences in other immune characteristics among those with and without reported asthma. Patients with absolute CD3 levels below 50% of age-adjusted normal values had higher odds of reported autoimmunity (n = 319, OR = 7.56, 95% CI = 1.58–36.17, p = 0.01) and reported asthma (n = 319, OR = 4.5, 95% CI = 1.06–18.93, p = 0.04) as compared with those with normal CD3 values, adjusted for age and low IgG. Conclusions: Absolute CD3+ T cell counts below 50% of age-adjusted normal values may be associated with higher odds of autoimmunity and/or asthma in patients with DiGeorge syndrome and be potentially useful to identify higher-risk patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-37
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Immunology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 22q11.2
  • asthma
  • autoimmunity
  • DiGeorge syndrome
  • infections
  • lymphopenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship Between Severity of T Cell Lymphopenia and Immune Dysregulation in Patients with DiGeorge Syndrome (22q11.2 Deletions and/or Related TBX1 Mutations): a USIDNET Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this